31st December 2013
The past 12 months proved to be a year when most major risks were avoided and the table was set for a strong investment performance as the economic recovery continued and inflation remained low. Russ Koesterich, BlackRock’s global chief investment strategist outlines what to expect during 2014…
This year began with many focusing on what could go wrong. We had just gone through the “fiscal cliff” debacle, investors were worried about the European debt crisis, and the outlook for U.S. and global economic growth looked uncertain.
In this environment, equity markets enjoyed an impressive year, with U.S. stocks up more than 25% and the major indexes hitting new records along the way. International markets also notched solid results, with the exception of emerging markets, which struggled with uneven growth and structural imbalances. Fixed income markets were choppy in 2013, with a long-awaited rise in interest rates finally occurring. As Treasury yields advanced nearly a full percentage point, bonds experienced a rare negative total return for the year (prices move in the opposite direction of yields).
Expect an Improving Economy and (Slightly) Higher Rates in 2014
So what should investors expect in the New Year? From a broad perspective, many may feel a sense of déjà vu, since we expect most of the macro factors that existed in 2013 to persist: improving (but still relatively slow) economic growth, very low inflation and slowly rising interest rates.
That said, we do expect growth to pick up modestly, both in the United States and globally. Although the Fed has begun its long awaited taper, policy remains accommodative and supportive of the economy. Lower energy prices and an improving housing market also represent tailwinds.
In 2014, we expect the U.S. economy will edge past the 2% growth rate in which it has lived for the past couple of years and come in at around 2.5% to 2.75%. Global growth should accelerate from 3% in 2013 to around 3.5% next year.
Another important theme we expect to see in 2014: Slightly better growth should lead to an increase in real interest rates. We do not believe rates will rise rapidly or dramatically, partly because the Fed will likely keep the fed funds rate anchored at close to zero through 2014, but we do think yields will climb modestly. We would look for an increase of around 0.5% for the 10-year Treasury over the course of 2014.
Investment Themes for the New Year: Stick With Stocks; Focus on Credit in Fixed Income
Against this backdrop, we would advise investors to continue overweighting stocks in their portfolios. Equities may not be as inexpensive as they were a year ago, but they remain more attractive than bonds and cash. There are some important caveats to this view, however: We do expect more volatility in 2014 than we saw in 2013, and we think investors should be more selective. In particular, international stocks are worth investor attention, as they appear more reasonably priced than U.S. equities. We would also encourage investors with longer-term time horizons to consider emerging markets despite their recent underperformance, as they too offer compelling value.
There are few bargains in fixed income markets. With rates likely to rise and inflation still low, we would avoid both long-dated Treasuries and Treasury Inflation Protected Securities (TIPS). Instead, we advocate sticking with fixed income credit sectors, including high yield bonds. Additionally, we believe municipal market fundamentals are sound and that muni bonds look attractive—especially as investors complete their 2013 tax returns and feel the impact of higher taxes.